Dating men introducing children early
The first was of the Hyksos of the mid 16th century and then another in the Ramesside era.
He understood that the Hyksos fled to and settled at Jerusalem, but that 592 or 612 years later (Josephus' two reckonings) "their descendants" reinvaded Egypt, resettling at the town they had been expelled from earlier called Avaris.
Mainstream scholarship understands Israel's settling of the Hill Country is Iron I, ca. Why then does the Bible's chronology have an Exodus "hundreds of years" earlier?
The answer is very surprising and has been preserved for almost 2000 years in the writings of an Egyptian priest/historian called Manetho.
After identifying the earler date they dismiss it as they are both committed to a Ramesside Exodus.The same failure to align the earlier Exodus date with Ahmose I's reign also holds for Goldstein (cf. Note: Because Professor Kitchen prefers to see some of the reigns in the book of Judges as not sequential but concurrent and thus "lowering the interval of time" between the Exodus and Solomon's 4th year, he NEVER makes the observation that Solomon's 4th year of ca. 1558/1563 BCE, falling in the reign of Pharaoh Ahmose I (ca. Clayton's 1994 Egyptian Chronology) who expelled the Hyksos (the first century CE Jewish historian Flavius Josephus claiming that the Hyksos expulsion is the Exodus).De Vries noted two periods of unaccounted length, the period of Joshua and the Elders (Judg.The "original" article, below, will remain intact with some minor revisions and updates, but is _superceded_ by the above observations of Josephus and Manetho.One of the "first" problems to be faced is that the Bible exists today in several CONTRADICTING recensions which provide "different dates" for the creation of the world and the Exodus. Kitchen, "Egypt, History of (Chronology)." David Noel Freedman, Editor. Worth noting though, is that Goldstein _never_ makes the observation that 1528 BCE falls within the reign Ahmose I who expelled the Hyksos, in fact, he does not attempt to identify what Pharaoh this date aligns with because his major focus is in refuting the notion of an Exodus ca.