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A sweeping review found no evidence that rehabilitation programs were reducing recidivism rates.
criminology largely abandoned the idea of rehabilitation.
He wrote:“A middle-class banker who kills his adulterous wife in a moment of passion is a ‘low risk’ criminal; a juvenile delinquent in the ghetto who commits armed robbery has, statically, a much higher probability of committing another crime.
For example, parole boards were criticized for making racially-biased decisions.
Further, critical theorists like Michel Foucault (1977) problematized the rehabilitative ideal by arguing it widened the net of social control, serving to “enable the state to expand its power over the minds and bodies of socially disruptive, surplus, and/or vulnerable populations.” (Cullen 2005).
For instance, doing well in a prison’s educational programming or counselling made no impact on recidivism.
Further, Martinson’s review found that the length of a sentence had no impact on recidivism.