Violent teenage dating relationships
If your teen recognizes this pattern in his relationship, it is a sign that the relationship is an abusive one.
The cycle of abuse might look slightly different if we are talking about abuse between a family member and a teen, or a romantic interest and a teen.
Teens can experience domestic violence from a family member or someone they are dating.
Domestic abuse occurs in high-income families, low-income families, gay relationships, and straight relationships.
Further, many adolescents have difficulty recognizing physical and sexual abuse as such and may perceive controlling and jealous behaviors as signs of love (Levy, 1990).
This article provides a critical review of the research literature with respect to risk factors for both perpetrators and victims of dating violence and examines the research on the effectiveness of prevention and intervention programs.
Although there are methodological problems accurately determining prevalence rates, a conservative estimate is that one in three adolescents has experienced physical or sexual violence in a dating relationship (Avery-Leaf, Cascardi, O'Leary, & Cano, 1997).
These rates are higher when verbal abuse is included in the definition.
The threat can involve physical violence, sexual assault, or the threat of either one.
Risk factors have been defined as "attributes or characteristics that are associated with an increased probability of [its] reception and/or expression" (Hotaling & Sugarman, 1990 p. Risk factors are correlates of dating violence and not necessarily causative factors.
Thus, they may have implications for prevention program, but they may also be outcomes that have implications for treatment.
Discuss the issue with your teen and express your concerns.
Your teen may feel defensive and refuse to see what is happening.